Influence of annealing on microstructure and mechanical properties of ultrafine-grained Ti45Nb

B. Völker, V. Maier-Kiener, K. Werbach, T. Müller, S. Pilz, M. Calin, J. Eckert, A. Hohenwarter

Beta-Ti alloys have been intensively investigated in the last years because of their favorable low Young's moduli, biocompatibility and bio-inertness, making these alloys interesting candidates for implant materials. Due to their low mechanical strength, efforts are currently devoted to increasing it. A promising way to improve the strength is to tailor the microstructure using severe plastic deformation (SPD). In this investigation high pressure torsion was used to refine the microstructure of a Ti-45wt.%Nb alloy inducing a grain size of ~50 nm. The main focus of the subsequent investigations was devoted to the thermal stability of the microstructure. Isochronal heat-treatments performed for 30 min in a temperature range up to 500 °C caused an increase of hardness with a peak value at 300 °C before the hardness decreased at higher temperatures. Simultaneously, a distinct temperature-dependent variation of the Young's modulus was also measured. Tensile tests revealed an increase in strength after annealing compared to the SPD-state. Microstructural investigations showed that annealing causes the formation of α-Ti. The findings suggest that the combination of severe plastic deformation with subsequent heat treatment provides a feasible way to improve the mechanical properties of SPD-deformed β-Ti alloys making them suitable for higher strength applications.

Dynamics of Condensed Systems
External organisation(s)
Erich Schmid Institute of Materials Science, Montanuniversität Leoben, Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung Dresden
Materials and Design
No. of pages
Publication date
Peer reviewed
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
205019 Material sciences
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Materials Science(all), Mechanics of Materials, Mechanical Engineering
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